- Official Name: Republic of Ghana
- Official Languages: English
- The Republic of Ghana is incredibly multilingual, with about eighty different languages spoken across the country.
- In addition to English, which was introduced in the colonial era, the government officially recognizes 11 spoken African languages. Of the languages native to Ghana, Akana is the most widely-spoken.
- Ghana is surrounded by French speaking countries, so the language is a common school subject.
- Population: 30,418,000
- Currency: Ghanaian Cedi GH¢
- Location: The Republic of Ghana lies along the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It shares borders with the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo.
- Capital: Accra
- Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic
- Qatar has the highest per capita income in the world.
- Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of very high human development and is widely regarded as the most advanced Arab state for human development.
- Qatar is officially and predominantly a Muslim country, with 67.7% of citizens practicing Islam. the majority of Muslims belonging to the Salafi Muslim movement of Wahhabism, 5-15% of Muslims following Shia Islam, and other sects present in very small numbers.
- Other major religions practiced in Qatar include Christianity (13.8%), Hinduism (13.8%) and Buddhism (3.1%).
- In early 2017, Qatar’s population of 2.6 million included 313,000 Qatari citizens (12%) and 2.3 million (88%) expatriates.
- Qataris have been a minority in their own country for a long time: Qatari nationals made up just 40% of the Qatar population in 1970, and that proportion has dwindled dramatically to its current estimated 12%. While the total population of Qataris continues to increase, that growth cannot keep up with the influx of foreigners.
- The total number of South Asians represent over 60% of Qatar’s population.
- This includes Indians, Nepalis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, and Pakistanis, in that order.
- There are far more men than women in Qatar, with women making up just 25% of the population, and men making up 75%.
- While Qatar is not as conservative as neighboring Muslim countries, social etiquette still centers around family privacy, hospitality, and the public separation of genders.
- While you shouldn’t ask unnecessarily about another person’s family, it is rude not to extend hospitality to strangers, often in the form of tea, coffee, food and/or a cool place to sit.
- If you’re invited to the home of an Arab, you should always accept. You should generally take every opportunity to become acquainted with locals and avoid the natural tendency to stay within the social and physical confines of your foreign neighborhood.
- Follow the Qatari’s lead on whether to shake hands. Some women refrain from shaking hands, and some men prefer a more traditional hand on their chest.
- Qatar is currently welcoming all types of enterprises who may help deliver the infrastructure needed for the upcoming 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Doing Business: Economy, Communication & Relationships
- Petroleum and natural gas are the cornerstones of Qatar's economy and make up over 70% of total government revenue, more than 60% of gross domestic product, and around 85% of export earnings. Qatar has the world's third largest proven natural gas reserve and is the second-largest exporter of natural gas.
- In a business setting, it is appropriate for women to wear conservative suits, in the form of dark-coloured trousers or skirts that fall below the knee. The Elbows should also be covered at all times with a shirt or vest.
- Suits are rarely worn in the Gulf, except for important business meetings and related social events. Standard wear in the office is a shirt (usually long-sleeved), tie and lightweight trousers.