General Info

  • Official Name: Republic of Ghana
  • Official Languages: English
  • The Republic of Ghana is incredibly multilingual, with about eighty different languages spoken across the country. 
  • In addition to English, which was introduced in the colonial era, the government officially recognizes 11 spoken African languages. Of the languages native to Ghana, Akana is the most widely-spoken.
  • Ghana is surrounded by French speaking countries, so the language is a common school subject.
  • Population: 30,418,000
  • Currency: Ghanaian Cedi GH¢
  • Location: The Republic of Ghana lies along the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It shares borders with the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo.
  • Capital: Accra
  • Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic


  • Ghana is primarily Christian, though a sizeable Muslim minority exists.
  • Traditional religions in Ghana have retained their influence because of their intimate relation to family loyalties and local mores. 


  • While the people of Ghana are said to belong to one group within the African family, there are at least 75 different subgroups, distinguished by language. Many of these are small, and only 10 are of significant size: Akan (which includes the Anyi, Asante [Ashanti], Baule, Fante, & Guang), Mole-Dagbani, Ewe, Ga-Adangme, Gurma




Societal Values

  • Individual conduct is seen to reflect on the family, social group, and community. 
  • Greet people from right to left, shaking hands with your right hand. Giving, accepting, or paying for anything with your left hand is taboo.
  • When visiting villages and towns, it is customary to pay respects to the local Chief. 


Doing Business: Economy, Communication & Relationships

  • The Stock Exchange of Ghana is one of the largest in Africa, with a market capitalization of USD 20 billion in 2012.
  • Agriculture, forestry and fishing trades provide the bulk of the national income, and employ more than half the population.
  • Cacao grows on more than half of Ghana’s arable land, and creates significant export revenue. It is the second largest cacao exporter in the world.
  • The country’s economic sectors also include industrial minerals mining, petroleum and natural gas production, and an increasing primary manufacturing and export of digital technology goods.
  • Building trust and rapport does not stop at the initial meeting stage, and is central to efficient business. Ghanaians are highly ambitious and entrepreneurial in spirit, and personal relationships with employees and associates -- treating them as you would treat your family -- should be more personal than hierarchical.
  • Be prepared to be questioned about ‘your mission in Ghana', a tradition that stems from the village chief welcoming guests in the village, and asking them of their mission.
  • Time is loose in Ghana: it is not uncommon for a meeting to start late and run over.



December 5, 2019