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- The official title of the UK is the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The UK
is made up of: Great Britain (the formerly
separate realms of England and Scotland,
and the principality of Wales.)
- At its zenith in the 18th century, the British Empire stretched 20% of the world’s surface and contained a quarter of the world’s population.
- No place in England is more than 75 miles (121 km) from the sea.
- London is one of only two cities above the 50th parallel with a population of more than five million.
- Windsor Castle was built by William the Conqueror in A.D. 1080 and is the oldest continually inhabited royal residence in Britain. It is the largest royal home in the world.
- Britain is the only country in the world which doesn’t have its name on its postage stamps.
- About 30% of today’s Londoners were born outside the United Kingdom.
- The 1.5-mile journey from Westray to Papa Westray in the UK’s Orkney Islands is the shortest scheduled flight in the world. The trip takes less than two minutes.
- The UK has the fifth-largest immigrant population in the world, at 8.5 million. In 2015, about 13% of the UK’s resident population was foreign-born.
- As of 2015, the UK’s immigrant population has one of the most diverse groups of origin countries in the world.
- About a third of the UK’s immigrants (2.9 million) were born in other EU countries.
- Despite the demand for foreign language speakers, English remains an essential requirement for most people working in the UK.
- In 2015, about 4.9 million people (about 8%) born in the UK lived in other countries, the 10th-largest emigrant population in the world.
- More languages (300) are spoken in London than in any other country in the world.
- There is only a 21-mile (34-km) gap between England and France, and the countries are connected by the Channel Tunnel, which opened in 1994.
- The first fish and chips restaurant was opened in 1860 in London by a Jewish immigrant named Joseph Malin.
- Every day, the British drink 165 million cups of tea, which is over 20 times more than the average American.
- Champagne was invented in England by scientist Christopher Merret in 1662.
- James Bond’s code “007” was inspired by the author Ian Fleming’s bus route from Canterbury to London.
- The London subway, or the “Tube,” is one of the oldest in the world. The 409 escalators in the Tube cover a distance every week which is approximately equivalent to several trips around the globe.
- Golf is Scotland’s national game. It was invented on the grounds of St. Andrews, and the earliest record of the game dates from 1457, when James II banned it because it interrupted his subjects’ archery practice. Mary, Queen of Scots, enjoyed golf and was berated in 1568 for playing so soon after the murder of her husband Lord Darnley.
- Six of the 10 wettest counties in the UK are in Scotland.
- Many of the inhabitants of the Isle of Man argue that it is not a part of England, nor even the United Kingdom. They say that they have their own government, Tynwald, arguably the world’s oldest democratic parliament, which has run continuously since the year 979.
- Wales is actually home to a town called Llanfairpwllgwyngyll-gogerychwyrndrobwlllllandysiliogogogoch, which translates as “St. Mary’s Church in the hollow of the white hazel near a rapid whirlpool and the Church of St. Tysilio near the cave.” It is commonly shortened to Llanfairpwill.
- Probably built around 3000 B.C., Stonehenge has stood on England’s Salisbury Plain for more than 5,000 years and is older than the famous Great Pyramids of Egypt. Stonehenge is just one of several prehistoric stone circles in Great Britain
- Halloween is one of many traditions that have their roots in Scottish pagan tradition.
- Source: wikipedia.org